Saturday, April 5, 2008

Akhir zaman - End of time

Frase kata 'akhir jaman' atau 'end of world' terjadi pertama kami di PB dalam ayat ini :

[NA26]Mat 13:39 ὁ δὲ ἐχθρὸς ὁ σπείρας αὐτά ἐστιν ὁ διάβολος· ὁ δὲ θερισμὸς συντέλεια αἰῶνός ἐστιν, οἱ δὲ θερισταὶ ἄγγελοί εἰσιν.

[Translitratin]Mat 13:39 o de exthros ho speiras auta estin ho diabolos: ho de therismos sunteleia aionos estin, oi de theristai aggeloi eisin.

[ITB]Mat 13:39 Musuh yang menaburkan benih lalang ialah Iblis. Waktu menuai ialah akhir zaman dan para penuai itu malaikat.

[NKJV]Mat 13:39 The enemy who sowed them is the devil, the harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are the angels.

[KJV]Mat 13:39 The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.

[LITV]Mat 13:39 And the hostile one who sowed them is the Devil, and the harvest is the end of the age, and the angels are the reapers.

[OJBC]Mat 13:39 And the Oyev (the Enemy) sowing them is Hasatan. And the Katzir (Harvest), this is HaKetz HaOlam (the end of the age). And the kotzerim (reapers, harvesters) are malachim (angels).



Akhir zaman, dalam bahasa Yunani ditulis sebagai sunteleia aionos

Suntelia - akhir

G4930
συντέλεια
sunteleia
soon-tel'-i-ah
From G4931; entire completion, that is, consummation (of a dispensation): - end.

Kata ini berasal dari akar kata Sunteleo

G4931
συντελέω
sunteleō
soon-tel-eh'-o
From G4862 and G5055; to complete entirely; generally to execute (literally or figuratively): - end, finish, fulfil, make.

Aionos - zaman

Kata ini memiliki bentuk baku [lemma] berupa aion

G165
αἰών
aiōn
ahee-ohn'
From the same as G104; properly an age; by extension perpetuity (also past); by implication the world; specifically (Jewish) a Messianic period (present or future): - age, course, eternal, (for) ever (-more), [n-]ever, (beginning of the, while the) world (began, without end). Compare G5550.


Lemma dan turunannya dipakai disini :

aiwnaV
Matt 6:13, Luke 1:33, Rom 1:25, Rom 9:5, Rom 11:36, Rom 16:27, 2 Cor 11:31, Gal 1:5, Php 4:20, 1 Ti 1:17, 2 Ti 4:18, Heb 1:2, Heb 11:3, Heb 13:8, Heb 13:21, 1 Pe 4:11, 1 Pe 5:11, Jude 1:25, Rev 1:6, Rev 1:18, Rev 4:9, Rev 4:10, Rev 5:13, Rev 5:14, Rev 7:12, Rev 10:6, Rev 11:15, Rev 14:11, Rev 15:7, Rev 19:3, Rev 20:10, Rev 22:5

aiwna
Matt 21:19, Mark 3:29, Mark 11:14, Luke 1:55, John 4:14, John 6:51, John 6:58, John 8:35, John 8:35, John 8:51, John 8:52, John 10:28, John 11:26, John 12:34, John 13:8, John 14:16, 1 Cor 8:13, 2 Cor 9:9, Eph 2:2, 2 Ti 4:10, Heb 1:8, Heb 5:6, Heb 6:20, Heb 7:17, Heb 7:21, Heb 7:24, Heb 7:28, 1 Pe 1:23, 1 Pe 1:25, 2 Pe 2:17, 1 Jo 2:17, 2 Jo 1:2, Jude 1:13

aiwni
Matt 12:32, Mark 10:30, Luke 18:30, Rom 12:2, 1 Cor 3:18, Eph 1:21, 1 Ti 6:17, Titus 2:12

aiwnoV
Matt 13:22, Matt 13:39, Matt 13:40, Matt 13:49, Matt 24:3, Matt 28:20, Mark 4:19, Luke 1:70, Luke 16:8, Luke 20:34, Luke 20:35, John 9:32, Acts 3:21, Acts 15:18, 1 Cor 1:20, 1 Cor 2:6, 1 Cor 2:6, 1 Cor 2:8, 2 Cor 4:4, Gal 1:4, Eph 3:21, Eph 6:12, Heb 1:8, Heb 6:5, 2 Pe 3:18

aiwnwn
1 Cor 2:7, 1 Cor 10:11, Gal 1:5, Eph 3:9, Eph 3:11, Eph 3:21, Php 4:20, Col 1:26, 1 Ti 1:17, 1 Ti 1:17, 2 Ti 4:18, Heb 9:26, Heb 13:21, 1 Pe 4:11, 1 Pe 5:11, Rev 1:6, Rev 1:18, Rev 4:9, Rev 4:10, Rev 5:13, Rev 5:14, Rev 7:12, Rev 10:6, Rev 11:15, Rev 14:11, Rev 15:7, Rev 19:3, Rev 20:10, Rev 22:5

aiwsin
Eph 2:7


Kata ini dipakai untuk merujuk kepada awal dan akhir dunia.

Kata yang dipakai disini berupa definisi kronologi pembagian waktu

Definisi adalah berupa definisi dari : Chronos

G5550
χρόνος
chronos
khron'-os
Of uncertain derivation; a space of time (in genitive case, and thus properly distinguished from G2540, which designates a fixed or special occasion; and from G165, which denotes a particular period) or interval; by extension an individual opportunity; by implication delay: - + years old, season, space, (X often-) time (-s), (a) while.


Lemma dan turunannya dipakai disini :

cronoiV
Luke 8:29, Rom 16:25

cronon
Matt 2:7, Matt 2:16, Matt 25:19, Mark 2:19, Luke 18:4, John 5:6, John 7:33, John 12:35, John 14:9, Acts 13:18, Acts 14:3, Acts 14:28, Acts 15:33, Acts 18:20, Acts 18:23, Acts 19:22, Acts 20:18, Rom 7:1, 1 Cor 7:39, 1 Cor 16:7, Gal 4:1, Heb 4:7, Heb 5:12, 1 Pe 1:17, 1 Pe 4:2, Rev 2:21, Rev 6:11, Rev 20:3

cronoV
Mark 9:21, Luke 1:57, Acts 7:17, Acts 7:23, Heb 11:32, 1 Pe 4:3, Rev 10:6

cronouV
Luke 20:9, Acts 1:7, Acts 17:30

cronou
Luke 4:5, Acts 27:9, Gal 4:4

cronwn
Luke 8:27, Acts 3:21, 1 Th 5:1, 2 Ti 1:9, Titus 1:2, 1 Pe 1:20

cronw
Acts 1:6, Acts 1:21, Acts 8:11, Jude 1:18



Mengenai end of age, end of aion, adalah BUKAN end of chronos : yang menyatakan kronologi ruang waktu saja, namun yang menatakan dimensi ruang dan waktu.


Penulis alkitab telah memilih kata-kata tertentu untuk merujuk pada makna tertentu pula.

Dari penulisan Yunani adalah : sunteleia aionos dan bukan sunteleia chronos

Aionos bukan sekadar ruang waktu (space time), namun ruang DAN waktu (space AND time).

Kata ini melibatkan dimensi ruang, yaitu : langit dan bumi, sebagai salah satu faktor ruang, selain dimensi waktu (time)

Chronos adalah ruang waktu (space of time)

Perhatikan ilustrasi berikut :




Dalam theori Big Bang Stephen Hawking


Personally, I’m sure that the universe began with a hot Big Bang. But will it go on forever? If not, how will it end? I’m much less certain about that. The expansion of the universe spreads everything out, but gravity tries to pull it all back together again. Our destiny depends on which force will win.” —STEPHEN HAWKING


Anda bisa melihat perkembangan (expansion) space-time disini

Dalam bukunya , alam semesta ini yaitu dimensi ruang (3) dan dimensi waktu (1) yaitu empat dimensi ini berasal dari singularitas yang dia sebut sebagai Theori Big Bang dan terus mengembang sampai saat ini.

Ruang-waktu (Space - Time, not space of time)


In physics, spacetime is any mathematical model that combines space and time into a single construct called the space-time continuum. Spacetime is usually interpreted with space being three-dimensional and time playing the role of the fourth dimension. According to Euclidean space perception, the universe has three dimensions of space, and one dimension of time. By combining space and time into a single manifold, physicists have significantly simplified a large amount of physical theory, as well as described in a more uniform way the workings of the universe at both the supergalactic and subatomic levels.


Namun disisi lain, ia melihat bahwa dimensi ruang ini mengalami penyusutan akibat dimensi ruang kehabisan energi untuk melawan gaya gravitasi sehingga ia meluruh dan kembali kedalam singularitas.

Ia menyebut sebagai Black Hole.

Black Hole ini akan menyedot habis semua dimensi ruang waktu yang ada.

Back Hole adalah Big Bang in the reverse order.

Theori ini mirip dengan apa yang diungkapkan oleh Petrus

[ITB]2Pe 3:10 Tetapi hari Tuhan akan tiba seperti pencuri. Pada hari itu langit akan lenyap dengan gemuruh yang dahsyat dan unsur-unsur dunia akan hangus dalam nyala api, dan bumi dan segala yang ada di atasnya akan hilang lenyap.




with warm regards

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