Saturday, March 1, 2008

Sapu dan tulang

Ketika saya masih kecil - usia anak sekolah dasar, kami sering berbagi dan dibagi tugas oleh kakak-kakak saya atau oleh orang tua saya.

Suatu kali saya kebagian tugas untuk menyapu rumah dan halaman

Dengan pikiran anak kecil yang lugu dan polos, namun saat menyapu tidak memakai penutup hidung untuk menghindari debu ...

Maka debu itu terhirup oleh hidung saya dan akibatnya pikiran saya jadi terkontaminasi!

Keluguan dan kepolosan berubah menjadi kelicikan.

Saat saya menyapu didalam kamar, biasanya sampah-sampah saya giring dengan sapu untuk bersembunyi di bawah kolong tempat tidur

All clean!

But, sampah inside (tepatnya : under bed )

Ketika kakak atau orang tua saya melakukan audit hasil kerja saya maka saya harus melakukan improvement action - tindakan perbaikan alias koreksi ; dimana audit ini dilakukan secara berkala : kala audit , kala tidak audit.

Celakalah kamu, hai ahli-ahli Taurat dan orang-orang Farisi, hai kamu orang-orang munafik, sebab kamu sama seperti kuburan yang dilabur putih, yang sebelah luarnya memang bersih tampaknya, tetapi yang sebelah dalamnya penuh tulang belulang dan pelbagai jenis kotoran. (Mat 23:27 )

Setiap kuburan Yahudi harus ditandai dan dilabur putih!

Putih melambangkan kebersihan.

Tapi itu hanya sekedar lambang.

Pemberian cat labur putih hanya merupakan bentuk penandaan bahwa itu adalah kuburan orang mati : yang harus dihindari.

Sebab orang mati dan tulang-tulangnya merupakan bentuk kenajisan!

Gill :

for ye are like unto whited sepulchres; or "covered with lime", as the Syriac, Arabic, and Persic versions, render it. For the Jews used to mark their graves with white lime, that they might be known: that so priests, Nazarites, and travellers, might avoid them, and not be polluted with them. This appears from various passages in their writings:

"The vineyard of the fourth year, they marked with clods of earth, and an uncircumcised one with dust, ושל קברות בסיד, "and graves with chalk", mixed (with water) and poured (on them (x).)

The Jewish cemetery in Surabaya, Indonesia, 1980
Photo: Ilan Shahar, UK
Beth Hatefutsoth, Visual Documentation Center

Of this marking of the graves, the reason of it, the time and manner of doing it, Maimonides (y) gives us this account:

"Whoever finds a grave, or a dead carcass, or anything for the dead that defiles, by the tent he is obliged to put a mark upon it, that it may not be a stumbling to others; and on the intermediate days of a feast, they go out from the sanhedrim, to mark the graves.--With what do they mark? בסיד ממחה, "with chalk infused" in water, and poured upon the unclean place: they do not put the mark upon the top of the unclean place, (or exactly in it,) but so that it may stand out here and there, at the sides of it, that what is pure may not be corrupted; and they do not put the mark far from the place of the uncleanness, that they may not waste the land of Israel; and they do not set marks on those that are manifest, for they are known to all; but upon those that are doubtful, as a field in which a grave is lost, and places that are open, and want a covering.

Now because when the rains fell, these marks were washed away, hence on the first of Adar (February) when they used to repair the highways, they also marked the graves with white lime, that they might be seen and known, and avoided; and so on their intermediate feast days (z): the reason why they made use of chalk, or lime, and with these marked their graves, was because it looked white like bones (a); so that upon first sight, it might be thought and known what it was for, and that a grave was there: hence this phrase, "whited sepulchres":

Henry :

2. They are compared to whited sepulchres, Mat_23:27, Mat_23:28.
(1.) They were fair without, like sepulchres, which appear beautiful outward. Some make it to refer to the custom of the Jews to whiten graves, only for the notifying of them, especially if they were in unusual places, that people might avoid them, because of the ceremonial pollution contracted by the touch of a grave,

Num 19:16 Juga setiap orang yang di padang, yang kena kepada seorang yang mati terbunuh oleh pedang, atau kepada mayat, atau kepada tulang-tulang seorang manusia, atau kepada kubur, orang itu najis tujuh hari lamanya.

Num_19:16. And it was part of the charge of the overseers of the highways, to repair that whitening when it was decayed. Sepulchres were thus made remarkable, 2Ki_23:16, 2Ki_23:17. The formality of hypocrites, by which they study to recommend themselves to the world, doth but make all wise and good men the more careful to avoid them, for fear of being defiled by them. Beware of the scribes, Luk_20:46. It rather alludes to the custom of whitening the sepulchres of eminent persons, for the beautifying of them. It is said here (Mat_23:29), that they garnished the sepulchres of the righteous; as it is usual with us to erect monuments upon the graves of great persons, and to strew flowers on the graves of dear friends. Now the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees was like the ornaments of a grave, or the dressing up of a dead body, only for show. The top of their ambition was to appear righteous before men, and to be applauded and had in admiration by them. But,
(2.) They were foul within, like sepulchres, full of dead men's bones, and all uncleanness: so vile are our bodies, when the soul has deserted them! Thus were they full of hypocrisy and iniquity. Hypocrisy is the worst iniquity of all other. Note, It is possible for those that have their hearts full of sin, to have their lives free from blame, and to appear very good. But what will it avail us, to have the good word of our fellow-servants, if our Master doth not say, Well done? When all other graves are opened, these whited sepulchres will be looked into, and the dead men's bones, and all the uncleanness, shall be brought out, and be spread before all the host of heaven, Jer_8:1, Jer_8:2. For it is the day when God shall judge, not the shows, but the secrets, of men. And it will then be small comfort to them who shall have their portion with hypocrites, to remember how creditably and plausibly they went to hell, applauded by all their neighbours.

Maka langkah yang tepat adalah

Hai orang Farisi yang buta, bersihkanlah dahulu sebelah dalam cawan itu, maka sebelah luarnya juga akan bersih. (Mat 23:26 )

Bersihkan bagian dalam terlebih dahulu, maka bagian luar akan bersih juga

Bersihkan hati kita

Tetapi apa yang keluar dari mulut berasal dari hati dan itulah yang menajiskan orang. (Mat 15:18 )

Maka setiap perkataan yang keluar dari mulut kita pun akan bersih juga

"Dengar dan camkanlah: bukan yang masuk ke dalam mulut yang menajiskan orang, melainkan yang keluar dari mulut, itulah yang menajiskan orang."(Mat 15:11 )

with warm regards

No comments: